Nano‐ and Microscale Confinements in DNA‐Scaffolded Enzyme Cascade Reactions

  • Autor:

    Kröll, S. / Burgahn, T. / Rabe, K.S. / Franzreb, M. / Niemeyer, C.M. (2024)

  • Quelle:

    NanoMicoSmall, 2024, 20, 7

  • Datum: Februar 2024
  • Abstract

    Artificial reconstruction of naturally evolved principles, such as compartmentalization and cascading of multienzyme complexes, offers enormous potential for the development of biocatalytic materials and processes. Due to their unique addressability at the nanoscale, DNA origami nanostructures (DON) have proven to be an exceptionally powerful tool for studying the fundamental processes in biocatalytic cascades. To systematically investigate the diffusion-reaction network of (co)substrate transfer in enzyme cascades, a model system of stereoselective ketoreductase (KRED) with cofactor regenerating enzyme is assembled in different spatial arrangements on DNA nanostructures and is located in the sphere of microbeads (MB) as a spatially confining nano- and microenvironment, respectively. The results, obtained through the use of highly sensitive analytical methods, Western blot-based quantification of the enzymes, and mass spectrometric (MS) product detection, along with theoretical modeling, provide strong evidence for the presence of two interacting compartments, the diffusion layers around the microbead and the DNA scaffold, which influence the catalytic efficiency of the cascade. It is shown that the microscale compartment exerts a strong influence on the productivity of the cascade, whereas the nanoscale arrangement of enzymes has no influence but can be modulated by the insertion of a diffusion barrier.