Substrate structure dependence of the growth modes of p-quaterphenyl thin films on gold

  • Autor: Müllegger, S. / Mitsche, S. / Pölt, P. / Hänel, K. / Birkner, A. / Wöll, C. / Winkler, A. (2005)

  • Quelle:

    Thin Solid Films (2005), 484, 408-414

  • Datum: 2005
  • Müllegger, S. / Mitsche, S. / Pölt, P. / Hänel, K. / Birkner, A. / Wöll, C. / Winkler, A. (2005): „Substrate structure dependence of the growth modes of p-quaterphenyl thin films on gold“. In: Thin Solid Films (2005), 484, 408-414


The variably oriented crystallite surfaces of a recrystallized polycrystalline gold sample served as substrates for the investigation of the structure dependence of p-quaterphenyl (4P) thin film growth. The films were prepared in ultrahigh vacuum by organic molecular beam evaporation.

Optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, combined with laterally resolved electron backscatter diffraction and scanning tunnelling microscopy have been applied to determine the correlation between the substrate surface structure and 4P film morphology. Crystallite surfaces consisting of (110) terraces favour highly anisotropic needle-like 4P growth with the needle orientation normal to the Au 11¯0 directions.

Atomic steps on vicinal planes with narrow terraces (< 2 nm) can also induce anisotropy in the 4P thin film growth, in particular elongated 4P islands normal to the step direction. In contrast to that, a nearly isotropic distribution of the needle orientations is observed on Au grains terminated by highly symmetric (111) or (100) crystal planes. Additionally, patches of continuous 4P layers can be found on these surfaces.

There is strong evidence that the 4P molecules within the needle-like crystallites are oriented parallel to the Au surface, whereas for the continuous layers the 4P molecules are oriented nearly upright on the surface.


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