Institut für Funktionelle Grenzflächen (IFG)

Significance of Nanopatterned and Clustered DLL1 for Hematopoietic Stem Cell Proliferation

  • Autor:

    Winkler, A. L. / von Wulffen, J. / Rödling, L. / Raic, A. / Reinartz, I. / Schug, A. / Gralla-Koser, R. / Geckle, U. / Welle, A. / Lee-Thedieck, C. (2017) 

  • Quelle:

    Adv. Funct. Mater., 2017, 27, 21, DOI:10.1002/adfm.201606495 

  • Datum: April 2017

Abstract

Hematopoietic stem cells are the stem cells of the blood that are applied to treat hematological disorders by transplanting donor cells to a patient. Rarity of donors and low cell counts in alternative hematopoietic stem cell sources such as cord blood limit the clinical use of hematopoietic stem cells. Here, it is shown that bifunctional surfaces containing the adhesive RGD peptide together with the Notch-activating Delta-like 1 (DLL1)—provided in a nano-patterned or unpatterned manner in different densities—are able to enhance hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell proliferation. Nanopatterning allows determining the maximal distance between DLL1 molecules that results in efficient cell stimulation (40 nm). Applying unpatterned substrates with statistically distributed DLL1 shows that the elicited effects depend on ligand density and clustering (minimum 2 molecules/cluster). Thereby, the present study contributes to the development of cost-efficient bioreactors for hematopoietic stem cell expansion and to deciphering how cells gain control over Notch signaling by DLL1 clustering.

 

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