Institute of Functional Interfaces

Calcite-seeded crystallization of calcium phosphate for phosphorus recovery

  • chair:

    Song, Y. / Weidler, P.  / Berg, U. / Nuesch, R. / Donnert, D. (2006)

  • place:

    Chemosphere 63 (2006), 2, 236–243

  • Date: 2006
  • Song, Y.  / Weidler, P.  / Berg, U. / Nuesch, R. / Donnert, D. (2006): „Calcite-seeded crystallization of calcium phosphate for phosphorus recovery“. In: Chemosphere 63 (2006), 2, 236–243




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For phosphorus recovery from wastewater, the present paper aims at understanding the crystallization of calcium phosphate by using calcites (Juraperle and Coccolith) as seeds from hard water. Synthetic hard water with 60 mg C l(-1) carbonate and 10 mg P l(-1) phosphate was prepared and used in the batch experiments of calcite-seeded crystallization. The solution composition was measured throughout the batch crystallization process, and the corresponding saturation indices with respect to the minerals were calculated with PHREEQC Program.

The surface of the calcite seeds was observed and measured with environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and BET method. The studies show that both calcites are effective seeds for the crystallization of calcium phosphate from hard water; the used calcites are more efficient than the original ones because newly formed crystals with calcium phosphate have covered their surfaces. The studies show that the calcite seeds can be used for phosphorus recovery from hard waters.