Institute of Functional Interfaces

Effect of Humic Substance on the Precipitation of Calcium Phosphate

  • chair: Song, Y. / Hahn, H. / Hoffmann, E. / Weidler P. (2006)

  • place: J. Envir. Sci., 18 (2006), 5, 852-857

  • Date: 2006
  • Song, Y. / Hahn, H. / Hoffmann, E. / Weidler P. (2006): „Effect of Humic Substance on the Precipitation of Calcium Phosphate“. In: J. Envir. Sci., 18 (2006), 5, 852-857


For phosphorus (P) recovery from wastewater, the effect of humic substances (HS) on the precipitation of calcium phosphate was studied. Batch experiments of calcium phosphate precipitation were undertaken with synthetic water that contained 20 mg/L phosphate (as P) and 20 mg/L HS (as dissolved organic carbon, DOC) at a constant pH value in the range of 8.0—10.0. The concentration variations of phosphate, calcium (Ca) and HS were measured in the precipitation process; the crystalline state and compositions of the precipitates were analysed by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and chemical methods, respectively.

It showed that at solution pH 8.0, the precipitation rate and removal efficiency of phosphate were greatly reduced by HS, but at solution pH ≥9.0, the effect of HS was very small. The Ca consumption for the precipitation of phosphate increased when HS was added; HS was also removed from solution with the precipitation of calcium phosphate. At solution pH 8.0 and HS concentrations ≤ 3.5 mg/L, and at pH ≥ 9.0 and HS concentrations ≤ 10 mg/L, the final precipitates were proved to be hydroxyapatite (HAP) by XRD. The increases of solution pH value and initial Ca/P ratio helped reduce the influence of HS on the precipitation of phosphate.


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