Removal of As(III) and As(V) from water using a natural Fe and Mn enriched sample
Deschamps, E. / Ciminelli, V. S. T./ Höll, W. H. (2005)
Water Research 39 (2005), 20, 5212–5220
- Date: 2005
Deschamps, E. / Ciminelli, V. S. T./ Höll, W. H. (2005): „Removal of As(III) and As(V) from water using a natural Fe and Mn enriched sample”. In: Water Research 39 (2005), 20, 5212–5220
The arsenic removal capacity of a natural oxide sample consisting basically of Mn-minerals (birnessite, cryptomelane, todorokite), and Fe-oxides (goethite, hematite), collected in the Iron Quadrangle mineral province in Minas Gerais, Brazil, has been investigated. As-spiked tap water and an As-rich mining effluent with As-concentrations from 100 mu g L-1 to 100 mg L-1 were used for the experiments. Sorbent fractions of different particle sizes (< 38 mu m to 0.5 mm), including spherical material (diameter 2 mm), have been used. Batch and column experiments (pH values of 3.0, 5.5, and 8.5 for batch, and about pH 7.0 for column) demonstrated the high adsorption capacity of the material, with the sorption of As(III) being higher than that of As(V).
At pH 3.0, the maximum uptake for As(V) and for As(III)treated materials were 8.5 and 14.7 mg g(-1), respectively. The Mn-minerals promoted the oxidation of As(III) to As(V), for both sorbed and dissolved As-species. Column experiments with the cFeMn-c sample for an initial As-concentration of 100 mu g L-1 demonstrated a very efficient elimination of As(III), since the drinking water limit of 10 mu g.L-1 was exceeded only after 7400 BV total throughput. The As-release from the loaded samples was below the limit established by the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure, thus making the spent material suitable for discharge in landfill deposits.