Chemical-Vapor-Deposition-Based Polymer Substrates for Spatially Resolved Analysis of Protein Binding by Imaging Ellipsometry
Ross, A. / Zhang, D. / Deng, X. / Chang, S. / Lahann, J. (2011)
Analytical Chemistry 83 (2011), 874–880
- Date: 2011
Ross, A. / Zhang, D. / Deng, X. / Chang, S. / Lahann, J. (2011): „Chemical-Vapor-Deposition-Based Polymer Substrates for Spatially Resolved Analysis of Protein Binding by Imaging Ellipsometry“. In: Analytical Chemistry 83 (2011), 874–880
Biomolecular interactions between proteins and synthetic surfaces impact diverse biomedical fields. Simple, quantitative, label-free technologies for the analysis of protein adsorption and binding of biomolecules are thus needed. Here, we report the use of a novel type of substrate, poly-p-xylylene coatings prepared by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) polymerization, for surface plasmon resonance enhanced ellipsometry (SPREE) studies and assess the reactive coatings as spatially resolved biomolecular sensing arrays.
Prior to use in binding studies, reactive coatings were fully characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and ellipsometry. As a result, the chemical structure, thickness, and homogeneous coverage of the substrate surface were confirmed for a series of CVD-coated samples. Subsequent SPREE imaging and fluorescence microscopy indicated that the synthetic substrates supported detectable binding of a cascade of biomolecules.
Moreover, analysis revealed a useful thickness range for CVD films in the assessment of protein and/or antigen−antibody binding via SPREE imaging. With a variety of functionalized end groups available for biomolecule immobilization and ease of patterning, CVD thin films are useful substrates for spatially resolved, quantitative binding arrays.