Substrate‐Bound Diarylethene‐Based Anisotropic Metal–Organic Framework Films as Photoactuators with a Directed Response

  • chair:

    Jiang, Y. / Liu, Y. / Grosjean, S. / Bon, V. / Hodapp, P. / Kanj, B. A.  / Kaskel, S. / Bräse, S. / Wöll, C. / Heinke, L. (2023)

  • place:

    Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2023, 62, 20, e202218052

  • Date: Februar 2023
  • Abstract

    Molecular machines and responsive materials open a plethora of new opportunities in nanotechnology. We present an oriented crystalline array of diarylethene (DAE)-based photoactuators, arranged in a way to yield an anisotropic response. The DAE units are assembled, together with a secondary linker, into a monolithic surface-mounted metal–organic framework (SURMOF) film. By Infrared (IR) and UV/Vis spectroscopy as well as by synchrotron X-ray diffraction, we show that the light-induced extension changes of the molecular DAE linkers multiply to yield mesoscopic and anisotropic length changes. Due to the special architecture and substrate-bonding of the SURMOF, these length changes are transferred to the macroscopic scale, leading to the bending of a cantilever and performing work. This research shows the potential of assembling light-powered molecules into SURMOFs to yield photoactuators with a directed response, presenting a path to advanced actuators.