Stimuli-responsive nanoparticle-nanofiber hybrids for drug delivery and photodynamic therapy

  • chair:

    Kabay, G. / Meydan, A. E. / Eom, T. / Shim, B. S. / Mutlu, M. / Kaleli-Can, G. (2023)

  • place:

    International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 2023, 630, 122442

  • Date: Januar 2023
  • Abstract

    Hybrid nanomaterials possess integrated multi-components to syncretize various properties and functions within a single entity. Owing to this synergistic effect, they promise efficient anti-cancer therapy. In line with this target, we produced stimuli-responsive nanoparticle-nanofiber hybrids (NNHs) via embedding photoresponsive natural melanin nanoparticles (MNPs) within a biocompatible polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofiber matrix. Electrospinning was performed to produce monolithic and core–shell structured NNHs using a single and a coaxial nozzle. The NNHs were upgraded to drug delivery systems by model hydrophilic drug-ampicillin (amp)-loading. The drug release results showed that monolithic PCL meshes displayed a burst release, whereas nanohybrid formation with MNPs improved the release profile toward Fickian diffusion. Core-shell NNH presented a more sustained drug release profile than its MNP-free replica and monolithic NNH because its encapsulating shell layer hindered the diffusion of the drug. The photodynamic therapy accompanied by UV-A-irradiation on monolithic and core–shell NNHs yielded up to 34 % and 37 % malignant melanoma cell death. Moreover, this study proved the potency of MNPs-enhanced NNHs in drug delivery and photodynamic therapy applications. Even so, more efforts should be concerted to unlock unknown features of the NNHs, which have the power to advance emerging areas, including but not limited to material science, biosensing, and theranostics.