Conductivity measurement of ionic liquids confined in the nanopores of metal–organic frameworks: a case study for [BMIM][TFSI] in HKUST-1
Zhang, Z. / Li, C. / Chandresh, A. / Heinke, L. (2022)
Ionics, 2022, 28, 487–494
- Date: September 2022
Nanoporous materials like metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) attract considerable attention as porous host for electrolytes like ionic liquids (ILs). The conductivity and mobility of the ions in the pores are among the key properties and their experimental quantification is of paramount importance. Here, three different approaches for the quantification of the ion conductivity of IL@MOF via electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) are compared: the material in the form of IL-impregnated MOF powders pressed into pellets between two planar electrodes, MOF films grown on substrates with deposited electrodes loaded with IL by impregnation, and the IL-loaded MOF films where excess IL is removed. Contact-angle measurements and EIS data show that the excess IL on the outer MOF surface of the film or pellet results in apparent conductivities, larger than the intrinsic conductivity of the IL@MOF. Removing the excess IL enables the experimental quantification of the intrinsic IL@MOF conductivity.