Optimizing Photodetectors in Two-Dimensional Metal-Metalloporphyrinic Framework Thin Films
Li, D.-J- / Tian, Y-B. / Lin, Q. / Zhang, J. / Gu, Z.-G. (2022)
ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2022, 14, 29, 33548–33554
- Date: Juni 2022
Two-dimensional (2D) metalloporphyrin-based MOF thin films possessing abundant π–π interactions are promising materials for photoelectronic devices, but no reports on fabrication of photodetectors are available so far. Herein, a series of 2D MOF Zn2[TCPP(M)] (named ZnTCPP(M); TCPP = 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin; M = Zn, Mn, Fe, and H2) films with  orientation are fabricated on SiO2/Si substrates by the liquid-phase epitaxial (LPE) layer-by-layer (lbl) approach and further assembled to photodetectors. The obtained ZnTCPP(M)-based photodetectors exhibit an excellent photoresponse due to abundant π–π stacking between the MOF layers. Moreover, the metalloporphyrinic groups in ZnTCPP(M) have a significant influence on modulating the photoresponse of the photodetectors, among which the prepared ZnTCPP(Zn) film-based device exhibits the best photodetection performance with a high on/off ratio of 2.3 × 104, responsivity (Rλ, up to 10.3 A W–1), short rise/fall times (0.09/0.07 s), and a large detectivity (D*) of 8.1 × 1013 Jones. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal that the perturbation of the ring π-electron system and the introduction of low-lying states as well as the large delocalization of the metalloporphyrinic group will adjust the photodetection performance of ZnTCPP(M) films. These results will provide a new understanding of the modulation of 2D metalloporphyrinic MOFs toward photodetection performance and perspective for the fabrication of photoelectronic devices.