Exploring the Preparation Dependence of Crystalline 2D-Extended Ultrathin C8-BTBT-C8 Films
Hawly, T. / Johnson, M. / Späth, A. / Jäkel, H. N. / Wu, M. / Spiecker, E. / Watts, B. / Nefedov, A. / Fink, R. H. (2022)
ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2022, 14, 14, 16830–16838, doi.org/10.1021/acsami.2c00097
- Date: März 2022
Crystalline organic semiconducting thin films from the benchmark molecule C8-BTBT-C8 were obtained using physical vapor deposition and various solution-based methods. Utilizing atomic force microscopy and X-ray spectromicroscopy, we illustrate the influence of the underlying growth mechanism and determine the highly preparation-dependent orientation of the thiophene backbone. We observe a continuous trend for crystalline C8-BTBT-C8 thin film domains to extend into the square millimeter-range under near-equilibrium growth conditions. For such well-defined systems, electron diffraction tomography allows us to precisely determine the unit cell directly after film deposition and to reveal an 8° molecular tilt angle with respect to the surface normal. This finding is in almost perfect accordance with the values derived from near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure linear dichroism. Within this work, we shine a light on both the successes and challenges connected to the realization of potent, thiophene-based semiconducting films, paving the way toward square centimeter-sized ultrathin organic crystals and their application in organic circuitry.