MOF-Hosted Enzymes for Continuous Flow Catalysis in Aqueous and Organic Solvents
Greifenstein, R. / Ballweg, T. / Hashem, T. / Gottwald, E. / Achauer, D. / Kirschhöfer, F. / Nusser, M. / Brenner-Weiß, G. / Sedghamiz, E. / Wenzel, W. / Mittmann, E. / Rabe, K. / Niemeyer, C. / Franzreb, M. / Wöll, C. (2022)
Angewandte Chemie, 2022, 61,18, doi.org/10.1002/anie.202117144
- Date: April 2022
Fully exploiting the potential of enzymes in cell-free biocatalysis requires stabilization of the catalytically active proteins and their integration into efficient reactor systems. Although in recent years initial steps towards the immobilization of such biomolecules in metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) have been taken, these demonstrations have been limited to batch experiments and to aqueous conditions. Here we demonstrate a MOF-based continuous flow enzyme reactor system, with high productivity and stability, which is also suitable for organic solvents. Under aqueous conditions, the stability of the enzyme was increased 30-fold, and the space–time yield exceeded that obtained with other enzyme immobilization strategies by an order of magnitude. Importantly, the infiltration of the proteins into the MOF did not require additional functionalization, thus allowing for time- and cost-efficient fabrication of the biocatalysts using label-free enzymes.