Photoswitchable Metal–Organic Framework Thin Films: From Spectroscopy to Remote-Controllable Membrane Separation and Switchable Conduction
Jiang, Y. / Heinke, L. (2021)
Langmuir 2021, 37, 1, 2–15, doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.0c02859
- Date: Dezember 2020
The preparation of functional materials from photoswitchable molecules where the molecular changes multiply to macroscopic effects presents a great challenge in material science. An attractive approach is the incorporation of the photoswitches in nanoporous, crystalline metal–organic frameworks, MOFs, often showing remote-controllable chemical and physical properties. Because of the short light-penetration depth, thin MOF films are particularly interesting, allowing the entire illumination of the material. In the present progress report, we review and discuss the status of photoswitchable MOF films. These films may serve as model systems for quantifying the isomer switching yield by infrared and UV–vis spectroscopy as well as for uptake experiments exploring the switching effects on the host–guest interaction, especially on guest adsorption and diffusion. In addition, the straightforward device integration facilitates various experiments. In this way, unique features were demonstrated, such as photoswitchable membrane separation with continuously tunable selectivity, light-switchable proton conductivity of the guests in the pores, and remote-controllable electronic conduction.