Alternaria alternata uses two siderophore systems for iron acquisition
Voß, B. / Kirschhöfer, F. / Brenner-Weiß, G. / Fischer, R. (2020)
Scientific Reports, 2020, 10, 3587, doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-60468-7
- Date: Februar 2020
Iron is one of the most abundant elements on earth and essential for life. However, Fe3+ ions are rather insoluble and microorganisms such as fungi may use siderophores as strong chelators for uptake. In addition, free cytoplasmic iron is rather toxic and intracellular siderophores are used to control the toxicity. Siderophores are also important for iron storage. We studied two siderophore systems in the plant necrotrophic fungus Alternaria alternata and show that the non-ribosomal peptide synthase, Nps2, is required for the biosynthesis of intracellular ferricrocin, whereas Nps6 is needed for the formation of extracellular coprogen and coprogen B. Whereas nps2 was dispensable for growth on iron-depleted medium, nps6 was essential under those conditions. nps2 deletion caused an increase in spore formation and reduced pathogenicity on tomato. Our results suggest that A. alternata employs an external and an internal siderophore system to adapt to low iron conditions.