Effect of polymer-coated silica particles in a Portland cement matrix via in-situ infrared spectroscopy
Hafshejani, T.M. / Chao Feng, C. / Wohlgemuth, J. / Krause, F. / Bogner, A. / Dehn, F. / Thissen, P. (2020)
Journal of Composite Materials, 2020, 55, 4, 475-488
- Date: August 2020
It is often of great importance in engineering to know precisely the properties of a material used with regard to its strength, its plasticity or its brittleness, its elasticity, and some other properties. For this purpose, material samples are tested in a tensile test by clamping the sample with a known starting cross-section in a tensile testing machine and loading it with a tensile force F. The force is then graphically displayed over the length change ΔL caused. This curve is called the force-extension diagram. In this study, a new measurement method enables for the first time, depending on the applied uniaxial stress, an insight at the atomic level into various energy dissipation processes at cement-based materials with the help of infrared spectroscopy. The samples are modified by adding SiO2 particles, which are coated by a polymer (PEG-MDI-DMPA) of different PEG molecular weights. Results show that elongating and breakage of Si−O−SiSi−O−Si and C−OC−O bonds play an essential role in the strain energy dissipation. Compared to the pure cement, the modified samples are affected more by elongating and breakage of Si−O−Si,Si−O−Si, as the admixture can effectively reduce the energy barrier of the hydrolytic reaction. The incorporating of particles into the cement matrix induces new mechanisms for energy dissipation by stretching of O−Si−OO−Si−O bending vibrations. Stretching vibration of the O−HO−H group indicates that part of the energy is dissipated by breakage of hydrogen bonding between the carboxyl group and PEG chains. Besides, a higher value of the ultimate fracture force following an increase in the molecular weight of PEG shows stronger bonding between particles and the cement matrix. As the chain-length of PEG is increased, less energy is absorbed through the other processes (especially at a higher level of strain). Thus, there is a balance between the whole deformation (toughness) and the strength of samples with the increase of the PEG molecular weight.