Chemical Properties of Metal-Silicates Rendered by Metal Exchange Reaction
Longo, R. C. / Königer, F. / Nefedov, A. / Thissen, P. (2019)
ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng., 2019, 7, 9, 8449-8457
- Date: April 2019
Calcium-silicates and calcium-silicate-hydrates (CS and CSH) are well-known as the most important building material, cement. Both CS and CSH phases react fast with CO2 from the atmosphere. Due to the porosity of cement and concrete, such reaction goes deep into the material, producing phase transformations, crack formation and propagation. The aim of this work is 2-fold. In the first part, we compare the reaction of CO2 with CSH phases and with magnesium-silicate-hydrates (MSH). Surprisingly, MSH did not show any contamination of carbonates in the infrared spectra. While the reaction of CO2 with CSH has been well studied and explained, there is currently no explanation about the resilience of MSH to the interaction with CO2. For the first time, the atomistic details of the reaction of CO2 with MgSiO3 are shown, and the chemical resistance of MgSiO3 against CO2 and other relevant chemicals for corrosion of cement and concrete is explained. Second, we demonstrate that Mg and other metals can undergo an exchange in situ process in CS and CSH phases. Depending on the type of metal exchanged, a completely new platform for rendering the properties of cement and concrete surfaces against corrosion is developed.