Bridging the Green Gap: Metal–Organic Framework Heteromultilayers Assembled from Porphyrinic Linkers Identified by Using Computational Screening
Haldar, R. / Batra, K. / Marschner, S. M. / Kuc, A. B. / Zahn, S. / Fischer, R. A. / Bräse, S. / Heine, T. / Wöll, C. (2019)
Chemistry A European Journal, 2019, online, doi:org/10.1002/chem.201901585
- Date: April 2019
In organic photovoltaics, porphyrins (PPs) are among the most promising compounds owing to their large absorption cross‐section, wide spectral range, and stability. Nevertheless, a precise adjustment of absorption band positions to reach a full coverage of the so‐called green gap has not been achieved yet. We demonstrate that a tuning of the PP Q‐ and Soret bands can be carried out by using a computational approach for which substitution patterns are optimized in silico. The most promising candidate structures were then synthesized. The experimental UV/Vis data for the solvated compounds were in excellent agreement with the theoretical predictions. By attaching further functionalities, which allow the use of PP chromophores as linkers for the assembly of metal‐organic frameworks (MOFs), we were able to exploit packing effects resulting in pronounced redshifts, which allowed further optimization of the photophysical properties of PP assemblies. Finally, we use a layer‐by‐layer method to assemble the PP linkers into surface‐mounted MOFs (SURMOFs), thus obtaining high optical quality, homogeneous and crystalline multilayer films. Experimental results are in full accord with the calculations, demonstrating the huge potential of computational screening methods in tailoring MOF and SURMOF photophysical properties.