Formation and Stability of Nontoxic Perovskite Precursor
Hafshejani, T. M. / Hohmann, S. / Nefedov, A. / Schwotzer, M. / Brenner-Weiss, G. / Izadifar, M. / Thissen, P. (2019)
Langmuir 2019, 35, 49, 16217-16225, doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.9b03037
- Date: Oktober 2019
Strontium, calcium, and magnesium silicate hydrate phases are synthesized by the reaction between silica and solution of metal hydroxides. The kinetics of the reaction is recorded using a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM), continuously monitoring the change in frequency and dissipation energy. Based on QCM results, it is shown that properties of solutions like the pH-value or the type of ions play a pivotal function on the rate-determining stage of the reaction, the thickness of the diffuse layer, the formation of carbonates, as well as the kinetics of the formed phases. Further properties of the reaction products are investigated using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and infrared spectroscopy (IR). With the help of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and temperature-dependent X-ray diffraction (XRD), we investigate how our synthesized phases can be turned into MSiO3 structures. Finally, the Goldschmidt rules for perovskites structures show that this might be an attractive way for new and nontoxic phases in the future.