Facultative pathogenic bacteria and antibiotic resistance genes in swine livestock manure and clinical wastewater: A molecular biology comparison
Hembach, N. / Bierbaum, G. / Schreiber, C. / Schwartz, T. (2022)
Environmental Pollution, 2022 8 September, doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2022.120128
- Date: September 2022
Manure contains vast amounts of biological contaminants of veterinary origin. Only few studies analyse clinically critical resistance genes against reserve antibiotics in manure. In general, resistances against these high priority antibiotics involve a high potential health risk. Therefore, their spread in the soil as well as the aquatic environment has to be prevented.
Manures of 29 different swine livestock were analysed. Abundances of facultative pathogenic bacteria including representatives of the clinically critical ESKAPE-pathogens (P. aeruginosa, K. pneumoniae, A. baumannii, E. faecium) and E. coli were investigated via qPCR. Antibiotic resistance genes against commonly used veterinary antibiotics (ermB, tetM, sul1) as well as various resistance genes against important (mecA, vanA) and reserve antibiotics (blaNDM, blaKPC3, mcr-1), which are identified by the WHO, were also obtained by qPCR analysis. The manures of all swine livestock contained facultative pathogenic bacteria and commonly known resistance genes against antibiotics used in veterinary therapies, but more important also a significant amount of clinically critical resistance genes against reserve antibiotics for human medicine. To illustrate the impact the occurrence of these clinically critical resistance genes, comparative measurements were taken of the total wastewater of a large tertiary care hospital (n = 8). Both manure as well as raw hospital wastewaters were contaminated with significant abundances of gene markers for facultative pathogens and with critical resistance genes of reserve antibiotics associated with genetic mobile elements for horizontal gene transfer. Hence, both compartments bear an exceptional potential risk for the dissemination of facultative pathogens and critical antibiotic resistance genes.