Droplet Microarray as a Powerful Platform for Seeking New Antibiotics Against Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria
Lei, W. / Deckers, A. / Luchena, C. / Popova, A. / Reischl, M. / Jung, N. / Bräse, S. / Schwartz, T. / Krimmelbein, I.K. / Tietze, L.F. / and Levkin, P.A. (2022)
Adv. Biology 2022, DOI: 10.1002/adbi.202200166
- Date: Juli 2022
Multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria is a severe threat to public health. Therefore, it is urgent to establish effective screening systems for identifying novel antibacterial compounds. In this study, a highly miniaturized droplet microarray (DMA) based high-throughput screening system is established to screen over 2000 compounds for their antimicrobial properties against carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae and methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The DMA consists of an array of hydrophilic spots divided by superhydrophobic borders. Due to the differences in the surface wettability between the spots and the borders, arrays of hundreds of nanoliter-sized droplets containing bacteria and different drugs can be generated for screening applications. A simple colorimetric viability readout utilizing a conventional photo scanner is developed for fast single-step detec-tion of the inhibitory effect of the compounds on bacterial growth on the whole array. Six hit compounds, including coumarins and structurally simpli-fied estrogen analogs are identified in the primary screening and validated with minimum inhibition concentration assay for their antibacterial effect. This study demonstrates that the DMA-based high-throughput screening system enables the identification of potential antibiotics from novel synthetic compound libraries, offering opportunities for development of new treat-ments against multidrug-resistant bacteria.