Mutual adaptation of bacteriophage fd, pfd plasmids and their host strains
Geider, K. / Baldes, R. / Bellemann, P. / Metzger, M. / Schwartz, T. (1995)
Microbiological Research 150 (1995), 4 337-346
- Date: 1995
Geider, K. / Baldes, R. / Bellemann, P. / Metzger, M. / Schwartz, T. (1995): „Mutual adaptation of bacteriophage fd, pfd plasmids and their host strains“. In: Microbiological Research 150 (1995), 4 337-346
The synthetic plasmid pfdC1 with the replication origin of phage fd and fd gene 2 grows autonomously in E. coli cells. DNA sequencing revealed several mutations compared to the fd genome causing reduced expression of viral gene 2 protein, which can be toxic for the host cell.
Another adaptation was noticed for E. coli strains with a copy of fd gene 2 on the F-episome and a pfdA-plasmid with a minimal fd replication origin, when maintained at 42 °C. The carrier cells adjusted their cellular metabolism to these stress conditions, whereas replication functions of the plasmid or expression of fd gene 2 on the F-episome were not changed.
The filamentous bacteriophages tend to reduce their genome size into miniphages, which was also observed for phages with an antibiotic resistance gene. Bacteriophages with a transposon insertion in the viral gene 2 had a tendency to restore the mutated gene by exchange with the functional gene 2 carried in recA- host cells. Mobilization of pfd-plasmids with RP4 transfer functions was reduced due to interference of replication and transfer in the rolling circle mode. The vectors used in these studies can also be applied as cloning vectors, which are compatible with many other plasmid vectors.