On the dielectric and optical properties of surface-anchored metal-organic frameworks: A study on epitaxially grown thin films
Redel, E. / Wang, Z. / Walheim, S. / Liu, J. / Gliemann, H. / Wöll, C. (2013)
Applied Physics Letters 103 (2013), 9
- Date: 2013
Redel, E. / Wang, Z. / Walheim, S. / Liu, J. / Gliemann, H. / Wöll, C. (2013): „On the dielectric and optical properties of surface-anchored metal-organic frameworks: A study on epitaxially grown thin films“. In: Applied Physics Letters 103 (2013), 9
We determine the optical constants of two highly porous, crystalline metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). Since it is problematic to determine the optical constants for the standard powder modification of these porous solids, we instead use surface-anchored metal-organic frameworks (SURMOFs). These MOF thin films are grown using liquid phase epitaxy (LPE) on modified silicon substrates.
The produced SURMOF thin films exhibit good optical properties; these porous coatings are smooth as well as crack-free, they do not scatter visible light, and they have a homogenous interference color over the entire sample. Therefore, spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE) can be used in a straightforward fashion to determine the corresponding SURMOF optical properties.
After careful removal of the solvent molecules used in the fabrication process as well as the residual water adsorbed in the voids of this highly porous solid, we determine an optical constant of n = 1.39 at a wavelength of 750 nm for HKUST-1 (stands for Hong Kong University of Science and Technology-1; and was first discovered there) or [Cu3(BTC)2]. After exposing these SURMOF thin films to moisture/EtOH atmosphere, the refractive index (n) increases to n = 1.55–1.6. This dependence of the optical properties on water/EtOH adsorption demonstrates the potential of such SURMOF materials for optical sensing.