Interaction of carboxylic acids with rutile TiO2(110): IR-investigations of terephthalic and benzoic acid adsorbed on a single crystal substrate
Buchholz, M. / Xu, M. / Heshmat, N. / Weidler, P. / Nefedov, A. / Finke, A. / Wang, Y. / Wöll, C. (2016)
- Date: Januar 2016
The adsorption of two carboxylic acids, benzoic acid (BA) and terephthalic acid (TPA), on a single crystal rutile TiO2(110) substrate was studied using infrared reflection–absorption spectroscopy (IRRAS) in conjunction with DFT calculations. On the basis of the high-quality IR data (in particular for the OH bands), various adsorbate species with different geometries could be identified. The adsorption of both, BA and TPA, on TiO2(110) leads to deprotonation of carboxylic acids and protonation of substrate O-atoms.
At low coverage, the deprotonated BA molecule adsorbs on TiO2(110) in an upright, bidentate configuration, while the TPA molecule adopts a flat-lying geometry with both carboxylates bound to the surface in a monodentate geometry. At higher coverages, a transition from flat-lying to upright-oriented TPA molecules occurs. At saturation coverage, both BA and TPA molecules undergo dimerization indicating the presence of pronounced attractive intermolecular interactions. We propose that the BA dimers are stabilized by the interaction between adjacent phenyl rings, while the TPA dimerization is attributed to the formation of double hydrogen bonds between adjacent apical carboxylic groups.