Influence of surface topography on Ulva settlement
Xiao, L. / Thompson, S. E. / Röhrig, M. / Callow, M. E. / Callow, J. A. / Grunze, M. / Rosenhahn, A. (2012)
16th International Congress on Marine Corrosion and Fouling, Seattle, USA, 24.-26. Juni, 2012
- Date: 2012
Xiao, L. / Thompson, S. E. / Röhrig, M. / Callow, M. E. / Callow, J. A. / Grunze, M. / Rosenhahn, A. (2012): „Influence of surface topography on Ulva settlement“. In: 16th International Congress on Marine Corrosion and Fouling, Seattle, USA, 24.-26. Juni, 2012
For the development of environmentally friendly antifouling coatings, it is important to understand the interaction between marine organisms and surfaces in greater detail. Among the different surface cues, the settlement of cells and larvae has been found to be influenced by surface microtopography. In this study, the influence of surface topographic gradients on the settlement of zoospores of the green alga Ulva was investigated. Honeycomb gradient structures were obtained by hot embossing, and the effect on the density of spores that attached in laboratory assays was quantified.
The highest density of spores was found when the size of the microstructures was similar to or larger than the size of a spore. With decreasing size of the honeycombs, spore settlement decreased. interestingly, spore settlement correlated with the Wenzel roughness of the surfaces. During settlement, “kink positions” on the surface played an important role and resembled preferred attachment positions. The gradients furthermore allowed determining the minimum pit size chosen by the spores to squeeze in and settle.