Biofilm formation at warming temperature: acceleration of microbial colonization and microbial interactive effects
Diaz, V. / Font, J. / Schwartz, T. / Romani, A. (2010)
Biofouling 1 (2011), 27, 59-71
- Date: 2010
Diaz, V. / Font, J. / Schwartz, T. / Romani, A. (2010): „Biofilm formation at warming temperature: acceleration of microbial colonization and microbial interactive effects“. In: Biofouling 1 (2011), 27, 59-71
River biofilms that grow on wet benthic surface are mainly composed of bacteria, algae, cyanobacteria and protozoa embedded in a polysaccharide matrix. The effects of increased river water temperature on biofilm formation were investigated.
A laboratory experiment was designed employing two temperatures (11.1-13.2°C, night-day; 14.7-16.0°C, night-day) and two nutrient levels (0.054 mg P l-1, 0.75 mg N l-1; 0.54 mg P l-1, 7.5 mg N l-1). Biofilm formation at the higher temperature was faster, while the biomass of the mature biofilm was mainly determined by nutrient availability.
The specific response of the three microbial groups that colonized the substrata (algae, bacteria and ciliates) was modulated by interactions between them. The greater bacterial growth rate and earlier bacterial colonization at the higher temperature and higher nutrient status was not translated into the accrual of higher bacterial biomass.
This may result from ciliates grazing on the bacteria, as shown by an earlier increase in peritrichia at higher temperatures, and especially at high nutrient conditions. Temperature and ciliate grazing might determine the growth of a distinctive bacterial community under warming conditions.
Warmer conditions also produced a thicker biofilm, while functional responses were much less evident (increases in the heterotrophic utilization of polysaccharides and peptides, but no increase in primary production and respiration). Increasing the temperature of river water might lead to faster biofilm recolonization after disturbances, with a distinct biofilm community structure that might affect the trophic web. Warming effects would be expected to be more relevant under eutrophic conditions.