Surface-mounted metal-organic frameworks for applications in sensing and separation
Heinke, L. / Tu, M. / Wannapaiboon, S. / Fischer, R. / Wöll, C. (2015)
Microporous and Mesoporous Materials (2015), 216, 200-215
- Date: 2015
Heinke, L. / Tu, M. / Wannapaiboon, S. / Fischer, R. / Wöll, C. (2015): „Surface-mounted metal-organic frameworks for applications in sensing and separation“. In: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials (2015)
Thin films of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) enable various applications ranging from membrane separations over sensor techniques to potential (micro-) electronic uses. Recent progresses of thin and homogenous surface-mounted MOF (SURMOF) films, which are prepared in a well-defined layer-by-layer fashion on a solid substrate surface, are highlighted in this review.
Various substrate surfaces, ranging from plain metal, metal-oxide and polymer surfaces over metal-oxide membranes to magnetic nanoparticles, can be coated with SURMOFs. Multilayered SURMOF films with either identical or different MOF lattice constants or even different MOF structures were prepared, enabling the preparation of functional surface coatings. This allows, by incorporating photoswitchable azobenzene in the MOF structure, the preparation of multilayered, nanoporous films with remote-controllable properties.
By means of crosslinking the SURMOF structure employing post-synthetic modifications, water stable thin films, SURGELs, can be prepared. Their thin and homogenous morphology also makes SURMOFs perfectly suited as coatings for electrochemical and electronic applications, where the small dielectric constant k as well as the option to tune the conductivity by loading the pores are very promising features of these porous solids.
Furthermore, SURMOFs are very well suited for investigations of MOF-specific properties, since e.g. photoelectron spectroscopies can be applied to these thin films in a straightforward fashion. In additions, mass transfer and diffusion properties in MOFs can be studied for such thin films with high precision using a quartz-crystal microbalance (QCM).