Institut für Funktionelle Grenzflächen (IFG)

Activation of Carbon Dioxide on ZnO Nanoparticles Studied by Vibrational Spectroscopy

  • Autor:

    Noei, H. / Wöll, C. / Muhler, M. / Wang, Y. (2011)

  • Quelle:

     J. Phys. Chem. C 115 (2011), 4, 908–914

  • Datum: 2011
  • Noei, H. / Wöll, C. / Muhler, M. / Wang, Y. (2011): „Activation of Carbon Dioxide on ZnO Nanoparticles Studied by Vibrational Spectroscopy“. In: J. Phys. Chem. C 115 (2011), 4, 908–914

Abstract

The activation of CO2 on clean and hydroxylated ZnO nanoparticles has been studied by ultrahigh vacuum FTIR spectroscopy (UHV-FTIRS). Exposing the clean ZnO powder samples to CO2 at 300 K leads to the formation of a number of carbonate-related bands. A detailed assignment of these bands was carried out using isotope-substitution experiments with C18O2.

On the basis of vibrational and thermal stability data for ZnO single crystal surfaces, a consistent description of the interaction of CO2 with ZnO powder particles can be provided:
(1) on the mixed-terminated ZnO(101̅0) facets, a tridentate carbonate is formed;
(2) on the polar, O-terminated (0001̅) facets, a bidentate carbonate species is formed via CO2 activation at oxygen vacancy sites; and
(3) additional monodentate or polydentate carbonate species are formed at defect sites such as steps, edges, kinks, and vacancies.

The formation of carbonate-related vibrational bands is observed at an exposure temperature as low as 100 K, thus demonstrating the high activity of ZnO nanoparticles with regard to CO2 activation.

 

 

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