Low frequency dielectric properties of three bentonites at different adsorbed water states
Kaden, H. / Königer, F. / Strømme, M. / Niklasson, G. / Emmerich, K. (2013)
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 411 (2013), 16-26
- Date: 2013
Kaden, H. / Königer, F. / Strømme, M. / Niklasson, G. / Emmerich, K. (2013): „Low frequency dielectric properties of three bentonites at different adsorbed water states“. In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 411 (2013), 16-26
Three bentonites of varying smectite content were investigated by dielectric spectroscopy in the frequency range 10−4 to 106 Hz after storage at well-defined humidities. The identification of relaxation processes from complex permittivity measurements was difficult, since conductivity effects were superimposed on the underlying relaxations. Relaxation peaks revealed by the dissipation factor indicated the occurrence of interfacial processes between 102 and 106 Hz.
The intensity of the polarization of the electrochemical double-layer at the clay–water interface was promoted by increasing water content and was shifted to higher frequencies the higher the water content in the bentonites. Below ∼1 Hz, electrode polarization (EP) was shown to be a participating process with capacitance values ranging from 0.6*10−3 to 7.3*10−3 F due to the accumulated charges. An equivalent circuit model was introduced that successfully described the low-frequency dielectric behavior of bentonites at low moisture levels.
An included series R-CPE connection was used to describe the double-layer relaxation. At water contents up to 17%, the bulk resistivity was mainly influenced by smectite content and cation exchange capacity, whereas at water contents of ⩾19%, interlayer occupation and hydration state became more important.