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Photoinduced C-C Reactions on Insulators toward Photolithography of Graphene Nanoarchitectures

Photoinduced C-C Reactions on Insulators toward Photolithography of Graphene Nanoarchitectures
chair:

Palma, C. / Diller, K. / Berger, R. / Welle, A. / Bjork, J. / Cabellos, J. / Mowbray, D. / Papageorgiou, A. / Ivleva, N. / Matich, S. / Margapoti, E. / Niessner, R. / Menges, B. / Reichert, J. / Feng, X. / Rader, H. / Klappenberger, F. / Rubio, A. / Mullen, K. / Barth, J. (2014)

place:

J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136 (2014), 12, 4651-4658

Date: 2014

Palma, C. / Diller, K. / Berger, R. / Welle, A. / Bjork, J. / Cabellos, J. / Mowbray, D. / Papageorgiou, A. / Ivleva, N. / Matich, S. / Margapoti, E. / Niessner, R. / Menges, B. / Reichert, J. / Feng, X. / Rader, H. / Klappenberger, F. / Rubio, A. / Mullen, K. / Barth, J. (2014): „Photoinduced C-C Reactions on Insulators toward Photolithography of Graphene Nanoarchitectures“. In: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136 (2014), 12, 4651-4658

Abstract

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On-surface chemistry for atomically precise sp2 macromolecules requires top-down lithographic methods on insulating surfaces in order to pattern the long-range complex architectures needed by the semiconductor industry. Here, we fabricate sp2-carbon nanometer-thin films on insulators and under ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) conditions from photocoupled brominated precursors.

We reveal that covalent coupling is initiated by C–Br bond cleavage through photon energies exceeding 4.4 eV, as monitored by laser desorption ionization (LDI) mass spectrometry (MS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Density functional theory (DFT) gives insight into the mechanisms of C–Br scission and C–C coupling processes. Further, unreacted material can be sublimed and the coupled sp2-carbon precursors can be graphitized by e-beam treatment at 500 °C, demonstrating promising applications in photolithography of graphene nanoarchitectures.

Our results present UV-induced reactions on insulators for the formation of all sp2-carbon architectures, thereby converging top-down lithography and bottom-up on-surface chemistry into technology.